The nano aquarium is a mini aquarium containing between 10 liters and 30 liters of water in general. True fashion phenomena, nano aquariums can take different forms but are mainly cubic or rectangular. These small bins are true decorative objects but do not require less maintenance than a larger aquarium and can in no way be used to maintain all kinds of fish.
Nano aquarium equipment
Nano aquarium kits are available for sale. They usually contain the tray itself, lighting compact fluorescent lamp and a small filter. All this equipment is essential: the lighting for the growth of the plants, the filter for a good degradation of the waste. These two facilities can be supplemented with heating if the tank is populated thereafter and therefore not only for the cultivation of plants. If you want to grow demanding plants, the equipment of the nano aquarium can also be supplemented by a CO2 kit.
Installation of the nano aquarium
Like any aquarium, the nano will be installed in a place sheltered from the direct rays of the sun to avoid the proliferation of algae and the rise of the temperature of the water in summer. A special foam or a polystyrene plate will be positioned under the tank, which absorbs any irregularities in the support. These foams are sometimes included in kits.
If you want to introduce demanding plants, it will be necessary to put in place a nutritive soil that will be covered with a layer of about 5 cm of previously rinsed sand. The sand of the nano aquarium will preferably be fine, the rendering will be better.
Once the nutritious soil and the sand are installed, the plants will be able to take place in the tank. Care must be taken to keep space between each of them to give them room to push. Ideally, the selected plants will be fine-leaved plants, various mosses such as java moss, ricia … Broad-leaved plants will be much less attractive in a small aquarium and will be completely unsuitable. to the available space.
Once the plants are installed, impoundment can begin. To avoid destroying the decor previously made, it is necessary to use a small container in which the water will be poured gently. The tray filled, the filter can be installed according to the instructions of the manufacturer. You can consult the start page of the aquarium for more details.
Population for nano aquarium
From the filling of the nano aquarium, it is necessary, as for any aquarium, wait at least 3 weeks before introducing occupants.
The main population possibilities of the nano aquarium are shrimp. Maintained in groups of at least 6 individuals of the same species, they will be the ideal host of the nano. You can refer to the aquarium shrimp page for more details on their maintenance.
The fighter can also live without problems in a nano but alone. Combatant association and shrimp is not recommended, the fighter will indeed feast on shrimp! On the other hand, it can possibly be associated with snails such as neritinas or clithons.
Among the fish, killies can also live in small volumes and therefore nano aquarium, provided to choose species like Aphyosemion australe or Fundulopanchax gardneri who live in couple or trio.
Apart from shrimps, a fighter or killies, no fish can live in a nano aquarium. Do not be fooled by presentation bins in pet shops where you can see many species of nano: neon, rasbora … These fish are completely unsuited to small volumes, need to live in a group and to have a large swimming area available …
Maintenance of the nano aquarium
Maintaining quality water in a small volume is quite complex, nitrites can quickly become a problem. It is therefore essential to have bacterial support in the filter and to regularly maintain the aquarium. The maintenance of a nano is similar to that of an aquarium of greater volume. It is necessary to change 15 to 20% of the volume of water every week and regularly clean the filter, frequency to be determined according to its fouling. The plants will also be pruned and the damaged leaves removed. For more information, refer to the aquarium maintenance page.
The nano aquarium is very interesting provided you follow the rules, including the rules of population, explained above. Unfortunately many fish are wrongly kept in this kind of volume, stress and eventually die …
We have talked here about nano freshwater aquarium, it is also possible to make nano aquarium reef, but in this case only soft and hard corals will be maintained without fish.
More You Want to Know:
- Things need to Think before Starting an aquarium
- The lighting of the aquarium
- Questions to ask yourself before buying an aquarium