There are many dog breeds in the family of water dogs. For example, there is the American water dog, the Irish, as well as the best known: Spanish and Portuguese. However, especially these last two races mentioned, are somewhat difficult to differentiate with the naked eye because they are closely related. They are very popular dogs, both for their appearance and for their character. If you are curious to know their differences or are undecided about which of the two races is more suitable for you, keep reading this article of Pet O Club in which we tell you what is the difference between Spanish and Portuguese water dog.
Characteristics of the Spanish water dog
To know the differences between these two races we will begin by knowing their traits individually. Thus, according to the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) , which is the World Canine Organization that records the different races internationally, the Spanish water dog breed is a dog classified as a working dog, shepherd, hunter and assistant of fishermen.
The origin of these dogs dates back centuries and was formerly known as “Turkish dog”, since it comes from dogs from the geographical region of Turkey and was introduced into the Iberian Peninsula by Muslims through Andalusia, so it is also He knew him as “Andalusian Turkish dog”. Thus, for those who have doubts about the difference between the Spanish and Turkish water dog, in reality it is the same race that are the names that have been given in two different periods.
In addition to knowing its origin, you also need to know the details about the physique, character and behavior of the Spanish water dog, something also very useful if someone asks how to know if a Spanish water dog is pure.
- They are medium-sized dogs, rustic and harmonious.
- The height at the withers of the males is between 44 cm and 50 cm and that of the females between 40 cm and 46 cm.
- The males weigh between 18 kg and 22 kg and the females between 14 kg and 18 kg.
- His complexion is athletic and muscular, as they are energetic dogs that exercise.
- Being dogs with a strong hunter instinct they have very well developed hearing, smell and sight.
- The tail is of medium insertion and is usually long although there are some with short tail of birth.
- The nose or truffle is pigmented in the same color or more a stronger tone than the darkest color they have in their fur.
- The hair is always curly and woolly. If it is allowed to grow a lot it can form twine or dreadlocks. In the beauty contests of this breed, those who are totally sheared but not those who wear aesthetic cuts are accepted. The coat of this breed is hypoallergenic, since it falls short compared to the moult of other breeds.
- The colors of the coat of this race are black, white, brown in different tones. In addition, there are bicolor, combining black and white or white and brown in different shades. Finally, although they exist and in another aspect do not differ from this official breed, tricolor Spanish water dogs, hazel and fire color and black and tan are not admitted within the official standard.
- They are balanced, brave and very intelligent, so it is necessary to stimulate them and keep them mentally active to avoid anxiety problems that also lead to behavioral problems.
- They are very obedient dogs and they learn very easily and quickly.
- They are very faithful and enjoy being part of a family, becoming very attached.
Characteristics of the Portuguese water dog
Regarding the other breed, the portuguese water dog or Portuguese water dog, very well known today because of being part of the Obama family, we can say that according to the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale)  this original race of Portugal is an assistant fishing, collector and companion dog. It is related to the race mentioned above, with an ancestor in common: the Turkish dog.
These are the main features about the physique, character and behavior of the Portuguese water dog:
- Its complexion is of medium and harmonic proportions, being considered a can of medium size.
- They are robust dogs and they develop the musculature with great ease, being very resistant to physical fatigue when exercising.
- They are very energetic dogs that love running as much as swimming.
- Being hunters have highly developed senses of sight, smell and hearing.
- The males measure between 50 cm and 57 cm at the withers and the females between 43 cm and 52 cm at the withers.
- The males weigh between 19 kg and 25 kg and the females between 16 kg and 22 kg.
- The tail is of medium insertion, broad at the base tapering towards the tip and long, being able to be born with the shorter tail.
- Its fur is very abundant, although it does not have an inner layer of hair. There are two different types of fur in this same breed: those with curly hair and those with long wavy hair. The latter, sometimes, they are made a haircut like some poodles, with only the short back, including the tail but leaving the tip of this with a lock of hair. The coat of this breed is also considered hypoallergenic, since it falls short compared to other breeds.
- The color of the coat can be unicolor, being black, white or brown or brown in various shades, or it can be mixed black and white or brown and white.
- The nose or nose is black in the dogs of uniform fur, either black or white, as well as in the bicolors in black and white. In contrast, brown dogs have brown truffle too.
- They are very intelligent, learning things very quickly and fairly easily.
- They are also faithful and obey very easily, since they always look for a close relationship with their family, that is, they are very familiar.
- They are cheerful, fun and energetic dogs that need to be exercised and entertained.
What are the differences between the Spanish water dog and the Portuguese
As a summary to make it easier to be clear, since it is really similar dogs, these are the main differences between Spanish and Portuguese water dog are:
- The origin: although they share ancestors closely, such as Turkish dogs, these two races originated in different countries: one in Spain and the other in Portugal.
- The height: the Spanish water dog can be on average about 10 cm lower than the Portuguese.
- The weight: although both are medium-sized, the average Portuguese weighs more than the Spaniards.
- The fur: remember that in the case of the can of Portugal there is a variety of short curly hair, like Spanish, but there is also a variety that is much more easily distinguished from Spanish by having long, wavy hair.
Otherwise, generally, they are very similar dogs. For example, the character of one or the other is not better, they are very similar, and both are apt to coexist with children, other dogs and other animals, provided that the dog is well socialized.
This article is purely informative, in a Pet O Club we do not have the faculty to prescribe any veterinary treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or discomfort.