If you are thinking about having a gourami fish or you already have one, one of the first things that you have to keep in mind is that you need to inform yourself about their species and how to take good care of them. In addition to the basic needs and care that all fish require, all subspecies of this fish need specific attention related to both their diet and their environment. So, if you want to know all the details of gourami fish care, read this PetOClub article in which we will tell you everything you need to know to take good care of your new partner.
How is the gourami fish
Gourami fish are relatives of the betta and are a group of different species of the genus Colisa and others. The most popular are the blue gourami, the pearly or leeri, the golden or melado, the dwarf gourami , the three-spotted and the giant, although there are many more subspecies and different coloration phases.
These fish are of Asian origin, specifically, they come from the areas of Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Burma, Borneo, Thailand, Sumatra, Brahmaputra and Java mainly. Like betta fish, these aquatic animals live in paddy fields where the water is shallow and calm.
All gouramis have an oval and even somewhat elongated body shape and are flattened laterally. Likewise, they can measure from 5 cm in length in the case of the most dwarf species or reach 13 cm in the case of the medium size and up to 30 cm in the case of giants. As in many animal species, males are slightly larger than females.
In addition, they are solitary animals so it is not a good idea to join them with several of their species. Also, we must bear in mind that its longevity in a well-maintained aquarium and with all the necessary conditions for its health is up to 3 years of life.
Food of the gourami
These aquatic animals are omnivores and mainly feed on live prey although they can get used to eating prepared food. Anyway, for good health, we advise you to offer live or frozen food, especially mosquito larvae, small worms and frozen plankton. Also, it is appropriate to put natural plants and algae since the collisions and other subspecies of this fish also feed on the microorganisms found in this vegetation and the same.
If you offer an additional type of commercial food, it is recommended that it be specific for fish of its type and preferably in the form of scales.
The aquarium for a gourami fish
It is necessary that you have a large enough aquarium, in fact it is advisable to have a 100-liter aquarium for a medium-sized couple or giant gourami, instead for a single example of dwarf gourami with 55 liters can live well and for a couple of the latter is recommended a tank with a minimum capacity of 75 liters.
They need an optimum temperature between 23ºC and 27ºC, but if we want them to breed we must maintain a stable temperature of 28ºC. Regarding the type of water that we use, it must be of the soft type and its pH must be neutral or a little acid, that is between 6.0 and 7.5 of pH.
As it is a shy aquatic species that likes tranquility and that also easily scares before other fish, it is vital that we provide not only enough space but also places to hide as algae, plants, stones, trunks , etc. Therefore, the care of the environment of the fish tank is very important to keep this species in good condition. If they are not hidden, then they usually swim around the top and the surface of the aquarium since that is where they usually find live food.
Also, you will have to get an adequate filter to the amount of water in your tank, with a thermostat to regulate the temperature, a kit to measure the pH of the water and also with an oxygenator or aerator to provide and adjust the amount of oxygen in the tank. Water.
Compatibility of the gourami with other fish
As we have said, it is a kind of shy fish but who likes to have space and tranquility, therefore, the gouramis are not suitable to live with any other species of fish. In fact, it is not at all advisable to gather several specimens of the same species, much less mix several males and females, since we would provoke fights for the territory. We could only do it by calculating the space very well and offering them much more aquarium space than we have mentioned in the previous section.
Thus, some of the species that do have compatibility with the gourami are the following:
- Angel fish
- Swords or Xiphophonis
- Other small and calm fish
On the other hand, some of the types of fish that should never be combined with a gourami are these:
- Other gouramis
- Fish with large fins
- Fish with veiled fins
- Large or aggressive fish
- Very colorful fish