Species Name: Ancistrus dolichopterus
Synonym: Hypostoma punctatum,
Habitat: Amazon River, South America Maximum size: Ferns 13 cm, females 8-9 cm.
Water Properties: Temperature 23-27ºC, pH 6,5 – 8.0.
Behavioral Features: Aggressive towards their species.
Nutrition: Omnivor (both vegetable and carnivorous)
Minimum Tank Volume: 100 liters
Finder and Date: Kner, 1854
Ancistrus Dolichopterus or our name in the name of our country Dwarf Vatose, spreading since 3-4 years, many aquarists began to show up in the tank of a small stray species is a kind of stray. The most obvious features are; is the appearance of adult men on the nose with their spiky formations and brown / black bodies decorated with white dots. They are smaller fish than other pleco species and have become a preferred fish because they are good algae eaters. Dwarf stingrays that find buyers with high prices when they are first unseen are now on the market due to the production of hobbies and are sold at very reasonable prices. The albino varieties that started to come to my country soon became popular and became a favorite fish among the hobbies.
Dwarf stingrays can live in tanks with different water characteristics, in harmony with many peaceful fish species, due to their ability to live and reproduce in a wide pH range. Tanganyika, Malawi and American tanks can be looked at with peaceful fish. Algae are among the most popular fish among eaters, due to their body structure and color. They make their nest in the caves formed by the rocks. Dwarf stingrays, like other stingrays, do not usually appear in the daytime, they are more active in the nights.
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Nutrition- Ancistrus dolichopterus
Dwarf stingrays are fishes with omnivorous nutrition. In other words, they are fed with both vegetable and protein-based foods. Weight should be on vegetable foods, otherwise digestive problems may occur. In the aquarium, they consume all kinds of fish food lovingly. However, you must ensure that the feed you are going to give is absolutely down to the base. From time to time, boiled spinach, boiled carrots or raw cucumbers will be a good meal for them. However, do not leave these feeds in a tank for more than a day, clean them by pulling the residue down the next day.
Sex discrimination in young offspring is very difficult, and when they become adults, this distinction is made easier.
Men: The prominent feature of adult males is the presence of proximal extensions on the front of their heads. Men’s bodies are wider and more vigorous, and their heads are thicker. Their eyes stand apart from each other. In the drawing below, the first is the male and the second is the female.
Teeth: As with the males in the teeth of the teeth, there may be no or little spiny extensions. The bodies and heads are more incredible. Between the eyes is closer than the men.
Dwarf stingray men are polygamy. They can mate with more than one female in the same tank and make offspring. The most important feature of these species is their breeding; the male dwarf stares at the egg and protects it.
For dwarf stingrays, the most appropriate means for your aquarium are: test, coconut shell and sea shells.
Male dwarf stingrays allow females to stay in the nest from a few days before laying until they have spawning time. After this streak, which lasts for a few days, the female leaves the golden, yellow-haired coarse eggs and then leaves the nest. The female does not care about the eggs or the offspring anymore after she has left her eggs in the egg that the man has determined. All these jobs are undertaken by male dwarf stingrays. After that, the male stands in the mouth of the bird and protects the eggs against the other fish and circulates with the side fins, allowing the eggs to get oxygen. The man never leaves the nest during the incubation.
It takes 4-5 days to get the eggs out of the juices. When they first come out, they have a golden yellow color, and their womb also carries egg hatches. After a few days they start to get their black color. After the babies are out, the male dwarf continues to patronize the puppies. It works to keep the babies away from the dwelling. If there are fish that may be a threat to the tanks’ offspring, you can separate them from the egg after they leave the egg and into another tank that has the same water and heat properties as the nest and has no base material. You can leave the juice in this tank for a while.
Do not eat the eggs from the eggs until the end of the eggs in their tummy. Once the pouch has disappeared, start feeding the spirulina tablet three to four times a day. Divide the tablet according to the number of puppies. Overfilling will cause the feed water to deteriorate and the pups to die. For example, you can divide the tablet into 4 parts with a knife and give it over the day. Do not exchange water for the first two weeks. Then, dip twice a week to make a 20 percent water change with resting water. This will ensure that the offspring develop better. When the offspring are a month old, continue to feed them by crumbling the feeds you use for your fishes and letting them descend to the bottom. Do not neglect to give herbal feeds. You can also start with boiled spinach, carrots and cucumbers for adults.
The most important danger for dwarf patina puppies is white spot disease. Whatever you do in the juvenile tank where this disease is infected, you can not save the offspring. So be careful not to change the temperature in the juvenile tank. Absolutely use a heater and make sure that the exchange water is at the same temperature as the tank water. When the babies are 5-6 cm, their sex begins to grow.