It is very common that these animals are affected by different allergies that may be caused by the environment, by the air, by some everyday objects or by the food from which they usually feed.
Dogs, like humans, can also become sick and need medical treatment. It is very common that these animals are affected by different allergies that may be caused by the environment, by the air, by some everyday objects or by the food from which they usually feed.
One of these allergies is dermatitis and is very common among dogs. Although usually their cause may be due to some food or environmental intolerance, some breeds are more likely than others to suffer from it. Breeds like the boxer, the French bulldog, the German shepherd or the golden retriever have a genetic predisposition to get this disease. Be alert if your dog is from any of these breeds!
There are several types of dermatitis in dogs, and each one has totally different symptoms and treatments. Among all those types the four that stand out are:
1. Dermatitis in allergic or atopic dogs
This dermatitis is one of the most common and is due to the genetic predisposition of the dog to develop allergies. Pollen from flowers, an insect bite or mites can harm your dog if they have this type of dermatitis. Not only do people have allergies of this type!
The areas affected in this type of dermatitis are usually the abdomen, face, legs, armpits and groin. If your dog has this allergy he will begin to scratch convulsively causing irritations, redness and even small scratch wounds.
- The symptoms of this dermatitis in dogs in this case are:
- Big itches
- Redness of the skin
- Appearance of pimples or pustules
- Darkening of the affected area
- The treatment for this type of dermatitis is usually based on medications that calm the itching of your dog. You can also help with gels with antibacterial and moisturizing properties.
2. Fungal Dermatitis Dogs
In dogs of some specific breeds, such as sharpei or bulldog, fungi may appear in the folds of the skin by the accumulation of fat. The humidity of that area is the perfect environment for the reproduction of these organisms.
This type of dermatitis can appear next to the allergic, since the fungi take advantage that the dog has the low defenses to reproduce. The discomfort of your dog in that case will be greater, so try to prevent them from getting together.
Symptoms of fungal dermatitis dogs include:
- Change in skin color
- Hair fall
- Appearance of purulent masses that secrete pus
- The treatment indicated for this dermatitis is the use of topical creams to eliminate the fungus and, with it, the symptoms. It is important to keep the cream on the dog until the indicated time has passed, otherwise the fungus may come back and, probably, stronger than before.
3. Contact dermatitis
This dermatitis develops when your dog is in physical contact with a substance harmful to your skin, such as chlorine, disinfectants, paints, etc.
- The symptoms of this dermatitis in dogs are:
- Inflammation of the skin
- Skin hardening
- Dryness and skin with scabs
- The best treatment for this type of dermatitis is to remove your dog from the substance that causes these symptoms.
4. Seborrheic dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis occurs for a number of reasons, such as excessive bathing (weakens the fatty layer of the skin) or an allergy to external components of the environment or food.
The symptoms of dermatitis dogs are:
- That the skin begins to produce more fat than necessary, causing in turn an intense bad smell, which identifies the disease.
- The treatment of this type of dermatitis consists of baths with special products that help to return to the skin its habitual state. During this illness some owners feed their pets on vegetables and cereals to make sure they do not catch another allergy at the same time.
Treatments for dermatitis in dogs
Depending on the type of dermatitis dogs has the treatment can vary drastically. Therefore, along with the above indications, it is of great importance that you consult your doubts with your veterinarian. He will inform you about the type of dermatitis that your pet suffers, the cause that causes it and the most effective remedy to treat it. Do not hesitate to seek advice before starting a treatment (not only with dermatitis, also with other diseases) as you can go wrong and make a wrong treatment and harmful to the health of your dog.
Has your dog had or has dermatitis? Do you know what type? Have you ever noticed any of the symptoms described above? Tell us the experience, as well as what the veterinarian recommended, all help is not enough if your pet suffers from this disease.