Kidney Failure in Dogs, causes and treatment


What does the kidney do?

Kidney failure is one of the unfortunate diseases our dogs encounter in dogs and cause serious consequences. First, knowing what functions the kidney is performing on the body will help me to better understand the severity of the kidney disease in dogs.


Provides water and electrolyte balance of the body.
The blood keeps the acid-base balance constant
Allows harmful substances to be excreted via the urine
As you can see, the kidney is a vital organ in dogs as well as in humans.

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Causes of kidney disease

In dogs, kidney failure can be caused by diseases directly related to the kidneys, as well as by many different causes such as metabolic, toxic and organic.

Prerenal diseases; Such as falls in the heart, shock, collapse, vomiting and diarrhea, which can cause excessive fluid loss, affecting the circulatory system and the heart. Bleeding and heart failure can also cause kidney failure in dogs.

Renal diseases; Tumors, nephritis, nephrosis, hypercalcemia, poisoning can cause damage to the kidney tissue directly. Any of these can cause a pathological change in the kidneys of the dogs, which may result in the kidneys failing to perform the functions we have listed above.

Postrenal diseases; Urinary tract disorders, urinary tract obstruction, urinary incision stones and fires. These diseases also prevent the urine from being thrown out. As a result, the urine returns to the kidney and does not go out and presses. It is a very serious problem that urine can not be put out, especially when the urine causes systemic disorders to remain in the body, while the urine that returns to the kidneys and causes pressure to the kidneys causes impairment in the kidneys and continuity.

In dogs, kidney failure is two types, acute and chronic. Acute insufficiencies can be treated if the kidneys are not severely damaged and the dog can continue his normal life. Unfortunately, it is not possible to say the same thing for chronic insufficiency; As there is a risk of losing the lives of dogs in chronic renal failure.


It is important to know that the treatment of renal failure is a lengthy and challenging process. In acute or chronic renal insufficiency, the veterinarian first determines the degree of damage to the kidneys and determines a treatment method accordingly.

It is very important for dogs to be able to diagnose kidney failure early. For this reason, experts agree that having a comprehensive check-up of all dogs at once in the year, including radiography, blood tests and ultrasonography, is very useful not only for kidney failure but for the early diagnosis of many diseases that may cost our cute friends.