how to care discus fish for beginners


Discus is undoubtedly one of the most popular tropical aquarium fish. He has never lost his popularity since he was introduced to the aquarium hobby in the mid-’80s. The reason why it is so popular is not only the appearance of different colors and patterns but also its own elegance.

It is different from many aquarium fish in appearance. Unfortunately, it is not easy to maintain. Water quality, feed selection, aquarium installation, and maintenance will not accept an error. It is the ages of those who are hard to maintain. However, when you pay attention to some details, discus fish care becomes easier.

3 different color discus fishes

Discus fish care and water quality

It is the least tolerant fish with high ammonia and nitrite content. While some species of fish can live in an aquarium where the nitrogen cycle is partly provided, the introduction of such an aquarium of discus fish may result in catastrophic consequences. The fins of the discus fish that are fed for such a long time shrink, the color fades, it loses its appetite, and it stays still at a point to look down.

There should be no ammonia in the water to keep your fish healthy. The amount of nitrite should be no more than 0.3 ppm (0.3 in a billion). Nitrate is as harmless as nitrite and ammonia. Nevertheless, there should be no more than 5 ppm nitrate in water. Such an environment can be provided by the complete establishment of the nitrogen cycle. When the cycle is provided, the fish must be waiting for two more days to be added to the aquarium. This period is necessary to see that everything is in order.

The next point to note is the water temperature and pH value. Some aquarists prefer pH neutral, but the ideal pH value is 6.5 to 6.8. The water temperature should be no more than 30, no less than 27 degrees Celsius. When the temperature is below 27 degrees Celsius, it invites illnesses.

Discus Fish Care and Feed Quality

When feed is the subject, it can not be said that the discusks are very selective. However, the absence of essential nutrients in the feed does not indicate good. Only a discus fish fed with pellets and dry fish can survive. But it will grow slowly, the color will be dull, and probably will not reproduce. Prepared feeds for this must be supplemented with additional nutrients.

The best supplementary food for your fish is blood, live feeds such as earthworms and shrimp. We do not recommend feeding with tubifex kurdu. Because it grows in a dirty environment, it is likely to carry parasites. The shrimp must be thoroughly washed and chopped. After the meal, removal of the remaining residues with 10% partial water exchange avoids pollution. Otherwise, rotting debris will cause the bacteria to multiply.

If you feed the Discus fish, you should be aware that you will frequently change your water. For this reason, it is beneficial not to keep the base material, ie sand or pebble.

It should not be adhered to uniform food for a long time. Instead, feed diversity should be provided and every nutrient, including protein, should be provided. The discus fish fed with balanced and high quality feeds is more resistant to diseases. It is more resistant to changes in water temperature and does not get sick very often. Balanced nutrition also promotes uraemeyi, makes the baby look better and healthy. The well-fed puppy discus grows very fast. A few millimeters from the juvenile adult fish size, that is 20 centimeters in size, reaches 9 months.

Discus fish care and aquarium setup

Sometimes the less is the better. This is also the case for the Discus fish. Having a base material facilitates water exchange. By not having wood roots or decor, you avoid unwanted chemicals that will be released into the water.

You need to be careful in choosing the location of the aquarium. A place should be chosen for 1-2 hours a day. In this way your fish will have healthier and more vibrant colors. Do not put your aquarium in a place where it will have more sun. Otherwise you will have a moss problem.

Discus fish is very sensitive to sudden movements and bright light. Someone passing by the aquarium may disturb him. For this reason, it is beneficial to close the sides of the aquarium. The aquarium must be put in a quiet place so that you can feel safe.

You might consider keeping a plant. If you find it beneficial, prefer to look good. Because it is not a bitter aquarium. The aquarium care is a little more troublesome for you.

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