It is exciting to build a small ecosystem of plants and animals. Some of us can not give up this hobby after the first aquarium. We can get a larger aquarium or build new aquariums. Unfortunately, not everyone can be successful in aquarium maintenance. We may be misinformed about how to care, which fish to feed, how much we should not feed our fish, or important details like this. In order to fix some misunderstandings, we have prepared for you 5 regular texts of the aquarium care. We think it will be useful for beginners.
1. Install the 1st Nitrogen Cycle
You should set up your nitrogen cycle before putting your fish in an aquarium. If you have not heard this phrase before, I will explain what it means. Nitrogen cycling is the reduction of ammonia and nitrite released by fish exostes and uneducated feeds. How can these permanently emerging by-products be removed altogether? We can provide this by establishing a useful bacteria column. The establishment of this column is often weeks.
So the day we took the aquarium, we should not take our fish. We must first establish an aquarium nitrogen cycle. There are different ways of establishing this cycle. A fish meal, a sturdy fish, ammonia or a bacterial culture can be used for this.
Filling the aquarium that should not be done with the fishes and try to maintain the circulation. This environment is quite unhealthy for fish. It’s like people living in a poisonous atmosphere. Until the water parameters improve, your fish will become very sick or die.
2. Determine Water Values
You should know if the water you use is suitable for your fish. Using a test kit, determine the level of ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, and pH in the water. Ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate are products of natural life. If they are not controlled they can multiply too much.
When the nitrogen cycle is fully established, no ammonia and nitrite remain in the water. This situation needs to be protected and controlled. You should also keep the amount of nitrate at acceptable levels with regular water changes. Follow the instructions in the test kit you are using and take the necessary precautions according to your conclusion.
You may want to use chemical medicines to correct the water parameters. This is the easy way solution. Even more troublesome, but regular water exchange is a healthier solution for your fish. Change water 20-25% per week unless otherwise stated. If you are using tap water, rest for a few days and equalize the temperature with the aquarium water.
You must also know how to shoot down. Residues that accumulate in the bottom of the aquarium should be cleaned when changing water. Use a bottom broom for this.
Water pH value and hardness should also be checked. The pH value and water hardness that each fish can tolerate is different. The pH value should be at acceptable levels and should not change continuously. Water hardness and pH value are directly related to each other. Increasing the hardness causes the water to be more alkaline, that is, the pH value increases. In the opposite case, water becomes more acidic and pH value decreases. The water hardness must be adjusted before the pH value can be controlled.
3. Preliminary research for your fish
You should do preliminary research before you get your fish. Investigate how large your fish will grow, your character, the size of the aquarium you need and the fish you can live with.
A lot of beginners are taking a mistake according to their appearance of fish. If you are not lucky, there are conflicts between the fish you buy without paying attention. This is because the existing fish or species are incompatible with each other. For example, it is not possible to keep two betting men in the same aquarium. One of them fights each other until death. Having gurami, betta or angel fish with tiger barb is also a big mistake. Because they will eat the tail of these long-tailed and slow-floating fish.
The aquarium should not be overfilled. You should learn how many fish you can feed in your existing aquarium or get an aquarium suitable for the number of fish you want to feed. You should also recognize your fish while you are taking your aquarium. For example, live births such as guppies are very quick and you may need to take a larger aquarium shortly. Neon tetra will be happy when you live in flocks. A relatively large aquarium is needed.
What are the disadvantages of an overfilled aquarium? Strife, stress, and illness … Sudden changes in water values are experienced, which is not desired in the care of this aquarium. Stress causes the fish’s immune system to weaken and the disease to start.
4. Do not Overeat Your Fish
We can say that it is not easy to kill fish starving. Feeding as much as they can eat within 5 minutes once a day is sufficient for most fish species. You should use appropriate feed for your existing species. Stamp feed is suitable for many fish. But do not imagine that feed is enough for the scavenger. You need to feed them with tablet feed that sinks to the bottom.
Do not feed more than your cousins. Increased feeds cause pollution in the water, increasing the amount of ammonia and phosphate. This can result in sudden water changes. If your fish are not puppies, you can starve them once a week. They will be healthier on this count.
5. Adjust Illumination
One of the most frustrating aspects for beginners is to deal with mud. The algae are similar to the plants. As in all plants, algae also needs light. Leaving the aquarium light for a long time will cause overgrowth of the moss and your fish will not have time to relax.
The aquarium is a mistake made to put near the window. It is inevitable to experience seaweed explosions in the abundant amount of sunlight in the aquarium. It is also possible that the water temperature will increase excessively.
The intensity of the light must also be adjusted. For example, many tetra species live in rain forests. These fish, accustomed to living in dense vegetation, enjoy the dim environment. Using violent lighting will cause fish to become stressed.
Remember that aquarium lighting is not for your fish but for you, and do not leave it open for more than 12 hours a day. If there is nobody in the house, there is no need to leave the light on. Keep the aquarium light off when you’re at work or at school.
Except to keep live plants, of course. If you have aquarium plants, leave the light on for 10-12 hours a day. Your live bitterness uses the nutrients your moss needs and reduces moss growth.
We fear what you say. If you pay attention to these 5 rules in the care of an aquarium, you will have a beautiful appearance and a healthy aquarium. You do not have to spend a lot of time cleaning up. One hour a week will be enough.
Like other pets, fish also need a clean, reliable, and stratified remote living space. It is in your hands to ensure this and is not as difficult as it seems. Yes, you can make some mistakes and encounter fish deaths. This happens to every aquarium lover. As you gain experience, the aquarium hobby will be more enjoyable and effortless for you.
We have come to the end of the 5th article of the aquarium care. You can comment by using your facebook and google accounts or by subscribing to my site. You can also check out our forums, where our members can ask what they are curious about.